Question: Adult Sabbath School Lesson for Thursday….
As the early Christians struggled to understand Jesus, they gradually put the evidence of the New Testament together. In the writings of Peter, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are distinct as indeed they are in the rest of the New Testament. Yet, at the same time, Jesus is portrayed as fully divine, as is the Holy Spirit. Over time, and after much discussion, the church developed the doctrine of the Trinity to explain as well as possible the divine mystery of the Godhead. Seventh-day Adventists include the doctrine of the Trinity as one of their 28 fundamental beliefs. Thus, we see in Peter a clear depiction of Jesus as not only the Messiah but as God Himself. (For example, Father/Son: 1 Pet. 1:3, 2 Pet. 1:17; Holy Spirit: 1 Pet. 1:12, 2 Pet. 1:21.)
Answer: Amen! Good for you all.
Please bring up Peter’s understanding of who the Holy Spirit is, found in 1 Peter 1:10-11. “Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: (11) Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.”
It was Christ in the OT which inspired the prophets, and it is Christ in the NT that does the same. In fact, Daniel was given divine inspiration by Gabriel (8:16, 9:21) and John was given the same in Revelation 1:1 (EGW says it was Gabriel who was the Angel. See DA 99.1, 234.2).
“Therefore it is the prophets who have “the testimony of Jesus;” and the angel who appeared to John is evidently the special messenger who conveys instruction to all the prophets,—doubtless the angel Gabriel, who is mentioned as having appeared to Daniel. See Daniel 8:16; 9:21. The same angel further said to John, “the testimony of Jesus is the Spirit of prophecy.” Revelation 19:10.” CET 243.5
So, my point is… Peter knew it was Christ’s Spirit, and the 5th time the Greek word for “Comforter”’ is used from John 14:16 is in 1 John 2:1. It is actually given a name! The “Comforter” or “Advocate” as it is translated, is “Jesus Christ the righteous.”
I hope this helps.